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What is Ulcerative Colitis?


Ulcerative colitis is one of the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) that causes inflammation primarily in the large intestine.

In addition, to digestive issues such as bloating and constipation, Ulcerative Colitis can  lead to the formation of ulcers in the digestive tract.  Particularly, the lining of the colon and the rectum.  As a result, the patient suffers from long-lasting inflammation and subsequent symptoms.

Symptoms of colitis

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are abdominal pain, bloating, blood in stool and chronic diarrhea.  The abdominal pain associated with ulcerative colitis is more than a stomach ache.  Depending on the type of ulcerative colitis is where the pain is more severe, meaning there could be pain throughout the entire colon, that is over six feet.  Also, symptoms of ulcerative colitis can come and go.  Flares and remission are the terms used to describe the status of ulcerative colitis.  Symptoms are especially bothersome during a flare, while remission puts the symptoms at bay with little to no discomfort.

Colitis Symptoms

  • bloating
  • nausea
  • constipation (may alternate with diarrhea)
  • fatigue
  • abdominal pain and cramping
  • bloody stool

These are a few of the most common symptoms that are involved with  digestion.  In addition, to digestive symptoms there are extra intestinal symptoms that come with colitis and may cause more trouble than the digestive troubles.

Signs of colitis

One of the first signs of ulcerative colitis is a bloody stool.  Above all, seeing blood in your stool or when you wipe is alarming, but it is one of the most common signs of IBD and IBS.  Also, an urgency to use the restroom, tenesmus, is a very common symptom especially in the beginning stages of colitis.  You might feel like you are never “done” emptying your colon.  There could be diarrhea each time you go or constipation problems as well.  Nevertheless, there are other signs of colitis that are not so obvious.  For example,  problems with depression and anxiety are also signs of an Inflammatory Bowel Disease.  Also, other signals of problems with the digestive system incude poor skin, eye, and oral health.  In conclusion, the signs of colitis are not always a clear indicator, see all of our information on the signs and symptoms of colitis for a better understanding.

What causes it?